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tmux is a terminal multiplexer for Unix-like operating systems. It allows multiple terminal sessions to be accessed simultaneously in a single window. It is useful for running more than one command-line program at the same time. It can also be used to detach processes from their controlling terminals, allowing SSH sessions to remain active without being visible.

Bellows are some most common commands for managing Tmux windows and panes:

Shortcut keyFunctions
Ctrl+b cCreate a new window (with shell)
Ctrl+b wChoose window from a list
Ctrl+b 0

Switch to window 0 (by number )

Ctrl+b ,

Rename the current window

Ctrl+b %

Split current pane horizontally into two panes

Ctrl+b "Split current pane vertically into two panes
Ctrl+b oGo to the next pane
Ctrl+b ;Toggle between current and previous pane
Ctrl+b xClose the current pane